By Diane Forrest, RN
Hemochromatosis is a genetic disease that can be inherited from a child's parents, and which causes the child to absorb too much iron, leading to extra iron being stored in the child's liver, heart, pancreas, and other organs. And although this usually doesn't cause any symptoms in childhood, later in life it can cause them to have arthritis, heart problems, liver disease, diabetes, and many other medical problems.
- Generalized darkening of skin color (often referred to as bronzing)
- Joint pain
- Lack of energy
- Loss of body hair
- Loss of sexual desire
- Weight loss
- Abdominal Pain
Hemochromatosis can be diagnosed by a blood test, or a physical exam detecting enlarged liver and spleen and skin color changes. Other tests include a liver function test and EKG.
Treatment includes a procedure called phlebotomy is the best method for removing excess iron from the body.
One-half liter of blood is removed from the body each week until the body iron level is normal. This may take many months or even years to do.
After that, the procedure may be done less often to maintain normal iron levels.
How often you need this procedure depends on your symptoms and your levels of hemoglobin and serum ferritin, and how much iron you take in your diet.
If you are diagnosed with hemochromatosis, you should follow a special diet to reduce how much iron is absorbed from your digestive tract. Your doctor or nurse will recommend:
- Do not alcohol, especially if you have liver damage
- Do not take iron pills or vitamins containing iron
- Do not use iron cookware
- Do not eat raw seafood (cooked is fine)
- Do not eat foods fortified with iron, such as 100% iron breakfast cereals
Early treatment can help prevent complications such as liver disease, heart disease, arthritis or diabetes. Screening family members of a person diagnosed with hemochromatosis may detect the disease early so that treatment can be started before organ damage has occurred in other affected relatives.
For more information about hemochromatosis, click this site: http://www.hemochromatosis.org/