Saturday, August 4, 2012

Immunization Awareness Month – 2012 Update


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By Diane Forrest, RN

Have you been reading about the outbreak of whooping cough?  It appears that it is spreading again.  Why is this happening?  Isn't there a vaccine for that?  The trouble is some parents are choosing not to vaccinate their children.  Vaccination records were easy to obtain.  They have to be submitted before entering school. Another problem is, many families are choosing to homeschool their children, and some of those who homeschool do not vaccinate their children do to various beliefs.

National Immunization Awareness Month is the perfect time to promote immunizations and remind family, friends, and coworkers to get caught up on their shots.

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Vaccinations are very important to control many diseases.  Take a look at Small pox.  This disease has been eradicated here in the US, and most other countries.  Thanks to WHO when they got the word out about vaccinations.

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Vaccinations are not just for children, there are several vaccines available for adults as well.  Vaccines for the flu, shingles, tetanus, and other diseases.  A chart for adults is pictured above.
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August is Immunization Awareness Month.  This month was chosen because children are starting school, or returning back to school and need to have their records, and updates.  It is also good times for adults who plan on traveling to get their records checked, and start appropriate shots.

If you have or know children who have not been immunized, please take them or encourage their parents to take proper measures to protect them from acquiring life threatening diseases.

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What childhood vaccines are recommended, and at what ages they should be given?

Hepatitis B vaccine:
  • First dose at birth before discharge
  • Second dose at 1 to 2 months
  • Third dose at 6 to 18 months


HIB vaccine:
  • First dose at 2 months
  • Second dose at 4 months
  • Third dose at 6 months (depending upon type of Hib vaccine given)
  • Fourth dose at 12 to 15 months


Inactivated polio vaccine:
  • First dose at 2 months
  • Second dose at 4 months
  • Third dose at 6 to 18 months
  • Fourth dose at 4 to 6 years


DTaP vaccine:
  • First dose at 2 months
  • Second dose at 4 months
  • Third dose at 6 months
  • Fourth dose at 15 to 18 months
  • Fifth dose at 4 to 6 years
  • Tdap is recommended at 11 years


Pneumococcal vaccine:
  • First dose at 2 months
  • Second dose at 4 months
  • Third dose at 6 months
  • Fourth dose at 12 to 18 months


Rotavirus vaccine:
  • First dose at 2 months
  • Second dose at 4 months
  • Third dose at 6 months (depending upon type of rotavirus vaccine given)


Hepatitis A vaccine:
  • First dose at 12 months
  • Second dose at 18-30 months


Influenza vaccine:
  • First dose at 6 months (requires a booster one month after initial vaccine)
  • Annually until 5 years


MMR vaccine:
  • First dose at 12 to 15 months
  • Second dose at 4 to 6 years


Varicella vaccine:
  • First dose at 12 to 15 months
  • Second dose at 4 to 6 years


Meningococcal vaccine:
  • First dose at 11 years
  • Second dose at 16 years


Human papillomavirus vaccine:
  • First dose at 11 years
  • Second dose two months after first dose
  • Third dose six months after first dose


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